This type of ice is 60 times more dense than ice, water and it exists in both solid and liquid state.!!!!
It’s superionic ice — and for the first time, scientists have made it in the lab.
In 2018, space exploration is getting a good focus, many startups are focusing on Interplanetary travel while some scientists are busy in understanding the phenomenon of planets that are far away from us…..
“Our work provides experimental evidence for superionic ice and shows that these predictions were not due to artifacts in the simulations, but actually captured the extraordinary behavior of water at those conditions,” Marius Millot, a physicist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California, said these words from the Laboratory.
Making the ice was complicated. First, the team compressed water into an ultrastrong cubic crystalline ice, in a different crystal form than what you see in ordinary ice cubes. To do that, the researchers used diamond anvil cells to apply 360,000 pounds per square inch (2.5 gigapascals (GPa) of pressure; that’s about 25,000 times the atmospheric pressure on Earth). Next, the researchers heated and compressed the cells even further, using laser-driven shocks. Each crystal ice structure received up to six laser beams of more than 100 times that high pressure.
Once the superionic ice was ready, the team moved quickly to analyze its optical and thermodynamic properties. They had only 10 to 20 nanoseconds to perform the work before pressure waves released the compression, and the water dissolved. And the results were bizarre. They found that the ice melts at an extraordinary 8,540 degrees Fahrenheit (4,725 degrees Celsius ) at 29 million pounds per square inch (200 GPa) of pressure. That pressure is about 2 million times the atmospheric pressure on Earth.
The new findings could provide a peek inside the interiors of planets such as Uranus and Neptune. Planetary scientists suggest these worlds’ innards are composed of up to 65 percent water by mass, plus some ammonia and methane. This could be marked as one of the major steps regarding space exploration.